Learning Chinese as an adult may not an easy feat but it is totally doable. Just take a look at the growing amount of YouTubers who are non native speakers showing off their fluent Chinese (these two are my personal favorites: 阿兜仔不教美語 & 老外看中國、老外看台灣)! They’re pretty amazing!
When we moved to Taiwan to be missionaries, my husband planned on learning Chinese. I’ve already shared me and my daughter’s Chinese adventure, so I thought I’d share his as well.
Below is his story, his thorough research on the topic, helpful resources he found and also what he would do differently.
Not knowing how to go about learning Mandarin Chinese, he first started with a private tutor (my mom to be exact) and then moved onto a beginner Chinese language course at Tai Da (台大). The course he took is one of the two most popular language courses for those wanting to learn. Through his research he discovered that TaiDa attracts more serious students while ShiDa, because of how famous the school is, attracts more students that are not as serious about language acquisition therefore can drag down the rest of the class.
The course helped him establish a good foundation on how to learn Chinese. Both Shida and Taida courses use a textbook series published by Shida called Practical Audio-Visual Chinese (新版實用視聽華語系列) which he highly recommends.
After completing this course, he had a better idea of how to learn Chinese and how to go about achieving his goals through self study.
Dustin wanted to have control over his studies rather than let a course determine what he will learn. One main thing he wanted to eliminate from his studies, that the course was spending significant amount of time on, was writing Chinese. Since he did not plan on learning how to write Chinese characters, he was able to spend more time developing his listening and speaking skills.
Difficulties With Learning Chinese
Dustin’s major in college was French which helped him have an idea on how to learn another language. Although he got pretty good grades and was able to speak well, he did not achieve as high of fluency in Frenchas he did with Chinese.
Tips on How to Learn A Language From Experts
Comprehensible Input is basically inundating yourself with massive amounts of interesting materials in the language you’re learning at your level. This is the key to helping you speak.
The theory of comprehensible input is that you need to be able to understand most of what you’re hearing and you need to enjoy it. He stressed the importance of listening and watching materials that interests you at your level.
Krashen believes that the way language is taught in schools, where so much focus is placed on grammar, is the wrong way to go about learning a language. It’s unnatural to memorize grammar rules. Instead, he encourages people to learn grammar like how most children learn it, within natural contexts (listening, speaking) rather than fake contexts (memorizing grammar rules). The predominate way language is taught in school leaves you with a bunch of grammar rules but unable to speak and listen well.
Triangle of Learning
People will argue about what the best method for language learning is. There are studies to back up everybody’s method. But if you implement the triangle of learning, it doesn’t matter what method you use, you’ll learn the language.
Anki App: This powerful app can be used to help you review Chinese characters and phrases through spaced repetition. It is designed to help people retain things they’re learning (not just limited to language) and has many functions you can choose from. You can use you it on your phone or computer. Whenever there was down time (taking public transportation, waiting for me while I shopped), my husband would be using Anki to help him review Chinese.
Pleco App: Both Dustin and I love this app. This is a powerful Chinese English dictionary that not only gives you the definition of Chinese words but has tons of helpful add-ons. What I find most helpful is its OCR add on. With this, you can look up words by taking a picture or pointing your phone’s camera at the word you don’t know. The dictionary also comes with audios of words so you can hear how to pronounce words you don’t know. You can also use it to help you read a document! It’s amazing. It’s every Chinese learner’s best friend.
Mandarin Companion: Two Americans learning Chinese in China created this company to provide graded readers tp help people learn Chinese. When they were learning Chinese themselves, they were having a hard time finding suitable reading material to help them improve. As a result, they created their own to help others learn Chinese. These books are ones that most Americans are familiar with which helps with comprehension. Research has shown how extensive reading helps language learners achieve fluency. Not only do they help individuals grow in learning vocabulary but also grammar rules. When you’re exposed to these through reading, it greatly boosts your language abilities . My husband purchased a few of their books and found them really useful.
Huayu World: There are a wealth of resources on Huayu World that are organized by topic. Materials range from videos on Chinese holidays, to conversational Chinese audio and reading material with both zhuyin and pinyin. These really help you learn Chinese characters. Much of the reading material helps you follow along by providing audio and also highlights the word that is being read. They even have interesting stories behind how certain Chinese characters are formed.